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Visiting Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) in Medina Munawwarah

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The first and largest hole (left) you are facing Rasulullah (saw)
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Road to Medina 

When arriving in Medina Munnawwarah, you fall in love right away. Medina Shareef is a city lit up by Masjid-e-Nabi, a city full of light and people. We arrived in Medina Munawwarah at night and could see the blessed minarets of Masjid-e-Nabi from afar.  Medina Shareef strikes you immediately as a place like no other and as soon as you come closer to the blessed Mosque of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) all you want is to enter this blessed sanctuary and say ‘salaam’ to the blessed Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasalam). 

An authentic hadith states that Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) said ‘Whoever visits me after I have passed, visits me as if it is during my lifetime’ 

I wanted to observe the adab – etiquette of visiting Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) as this is the most blessed ziyarat of all. Just imagine you are going into the presence of the most elevated of all creation, the one who is closest and most beloved to Allah (swt), the one who is sent as the mercy to all the worlds, the one whose intercession has to be hoped for if anyone is to be forgiven. This is the rank and supreme status of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) and in fact any words we find fall well short of trying to do justice to his immense rank.

I bought a new jubba – Arabic long shirt from a shop facing
Masjid-e-Nabi and performed ghusl – bath as preparation for my visit.
 I walked towards Masjid-e-Nabi, and as soon as I entered the courtyard of the Masjid, I removed my shoes. Even though I had not entered the Masjid yet and it is permitted to keep your shoes on in the courtyard, I chose to do this. I read how the blessed companions (Radiyalla anhu) may Allah be pleased with them all, would never wear shoes in Medina Munnawwarah because that was the blessed ground on which Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi Wasallam) would place his blessed feet. This was their love for the blessed Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) and their level of adab.

The whole of Masjid-e-Nabi today, is like a city as it has been extended and covers the area which use to be
Medina Munnawarah at the time of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). Therefore when walking around Masjid-e-Nabi, we should always remember this is the original Medina Shareef where the blessed Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) walked along with his blessed family – the Ahl-e-Bayt (As) and the companions (Ra).
 As I walked towards Masjid-e-Nabi, the brilliance of Masjid-e-Nabi is mesmerising. As soon as I entered I went straight to ‘Rawdah ul-Jannah’.


Rawdah ul’Jannah 

This means ‘Garden of Paradise’.  An authentic hadith confirms that Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) stated that ‘Between my house and my mimbar – pulpit lies one of the gardens of Paradise’.  (Bukhari) 

The musalla- place of prayer of the blessed Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) is also located here. As Dr Abdul Rauf wrote (Author of Hajj and Umrah guide) ‘If a visitor gets the opportunity of offering a prayer in front of the Musalla his prostrating forehead falls on the place where Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) lovely feet once rested while leading the prayers. What a unique honour one could ever dream of’! 

The Rawdah ul’Jannah, is a small piece of space in Masjid-e-Nabi, and it is covered by a green carpet and has white pillars. This is how this blessed area is distinguished from the rest of the blessed Mosque. Here I performed two raka’at ‘tahiyyatul Masjid’ reciting ‘Surah Kafiroon’ in the first raka’at and ‘Surah Ikhlas’ in the second raka’at. Here only men can pray, women are not allowed to pray here any longer.
This piece of ground and the whole area which encompasses the resting place of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) is a garden of Paradise.
We are placed to rest in the same land from which we have been created, so when Allah (swt) was to create Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi Wasallam) he used the best soil and that is the soil of Paradise. This soil had to be present in the place where Rasulullah (salla lahu alahyi wa’ale hi wasallam) is resting now therefore a garden of Paradise had to be in Medina Munawwarah. The area encompassing the Roza Mubarak is therefore a garden of Paradise. Subhan-Allah Ya Rasulullah. 

Praying salaat in ‘Rawdah ul’Jannah’ puts fear inside you as you realise that you are standing in Paradise. The legs go numb and your mind is scrambled. I kissed this place in Paradise in awe of where I was standing. Here I prayed a dua which a blessed man once told me to pray in this garden of Paradise if I was ever to visit. I prayed; 

‘Ya Allah, You have promised that anyone who enters Paradise will be forbidden to enter the hellfire. Ya Allah, You are witness that I have entered Paradise so please make the hellfire forbidden upon me’. Ameen.


Roza Mubarak
 

As I entered the Prophet’s (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) Mosque at first, I was hurrying towards the Blessed Resting place of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) asking people if I was going in the right direction. I remembered to repeatedly say salaam to the beloved Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi Wasallam)as I entered the blessed sanctuary. As I approached the chamber of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam)  I felt out of control.

The sight of that place, the Roza Mubarak breaks you emotionally, brings you to your knees in realisation of the presence. It is beyond belief that you are in the presence of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam).
 Here when you send salutations on the blessed Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) you know that Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) is returning the salaam. 

Assalaatu wassalaamu alayka yaa rasulullah  

Assalaatu wassalaamu alayka yaa nabiyulullah  

Assalaatu wassalaamu alayka yaa habeebulullah  

Assalaatu wassalaamu alayka yaa khaatamal ambiyaa  

Assalaamu alayka ayyuhun nabiyyu warahmatullaahi wa barakaatuh  

Ash hadu allaa ilaah illal laahu wa annaka abduhu warasullulu   

Peace and salutation be upon you O Messenger of Allah 

Peace and salutation be upon you O Prophet of Allah 

Peace and salutation be upon you O Beloved of Allah 

Peace and salutation be upon you O Seal of the Prophets 

Peace be upon you O Prophet and Mercy of Allah and His blessings.

I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship besides Allah and I bear witness that you are His servant and Messenger.
   

Here I prayed to Allah (swt) with my hands raised. The guards forbid you to do this but we must remember that we are praying to Allah (swt) in this most blessed gathering where the blessings of Allah (swt) are being showered. I wanted to take advantage of where I was and Allah (swt) listened to my wish blessed me for my intention. At first I was far from the platform where the golden fence is behind which Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) is resting. I wanted to get closer and someone pulled me in front so that I was in front of Roza Mubarak. This was the blessing and unlimited bounty of Allah (swt).
I peered through the golden fence and only caught a slight glimpse of where Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) rests.
 Here I cried, I called out to Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam), everything was here.

There are three gold wire-mesh enclosures, with round holes in all of them. There are three round holes in the
middle enclosure, and only two in the others.In the middle enclosure the first hole, which is the largest of all is directly in line facing Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam).

On the right is a smaller circle, behind where Sayydina Abu Bakr Saddique (Ra) is resting, here we say
 

‘Assalaamu alayka yaa Sayydidina Abu Bakr Saddique khaleefta rasoolillaah, jazaakallaahu an ummati Sayyidina Muhammad salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam’ 

Peace be upon you Abu Bakr Saddique O Calipha of Rasoolullah, May Allah reward you on behalf of the Ummah of Master Muhammad (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). 

As you move to the right of Sayyidina Abu Bakr Saddique (Ra), behind the next small circle lies Sayyidina Umar Farooq (Ra). Here we say; 

Assalaamu alayka yaa Sayyidina Umar Farooq ameeral mu’mineen jazaakallaahu an ummati Sayyidina Muhammad salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam’   

Peace be upon you Umar Farooq leader of the believers. May Allah reward you on behalf of the ummah of Master Muhammad salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam.

This gathering is the highest place to supplicate to Allah (swt). There is no place within this World or within the seven heavens which is more beloved to Allah (swt) than the resting place of His beloved; Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi Wasallam). Here I supplicated and continuously talked to Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). The guards move you on and it becomes painful when you have to leave the presence of the beloved Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). I eventually left this most blessed station of Paradise in the state I had entered, which was in a state of humility and tears. Ya Rasulullah. 

Ziyarah in Medina  


Masjid-e-Quba 

This was the first Masjid built by the Muslimeen. It was originally just outside the outskirts of Medina Munawwarah, but is now within the city. This is where Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) stopped to pray before arriving in Medina Munnawarah at the time of the Hijrah. This mosque is the fourth most sacred mosque after Masjid-e-Nabi, Masjid-e-Harem and Masjid Al’Aqsa. I visited this Masjid and performed my salah.  

Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) states according to an authentic hadith ‘Whoever purifies him/her at home goes to Masjid-e-Quba and performs salah, for them is a reward likened to that of Umrah’. 

Masjid-e-Jummah

It was in this blessed Mosque that the first Friday salah was performed by the blessed Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). 

Masjid-e-Qiblatain 

In this blessed Mosque, during the prayer that was being performed by Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) the revelation came that the Qibla – direction of prayer is to be changed from Masjid-e-Al Aqsa to Masjid-e-Harem.  Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) changed the direction he was praying within the prayer and those standing behind also changed their direction likewise.
This mosque is called ‘Qiblatain’ to signify it was in this Masjid that the direction of prayer changed from one to the other.
 

Masjid-e-Ahzab 

This mosque is built in the area where Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi Wasallam) famously alongside the companions (Ra) dug the trench to prevent the enemies of Islam entering Medina Munnawarah. This battle was named ‘Battle of the Trench’. 

Masjid-e-Hajaat 

This blessed Mosque is built where Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) prayed to Allah (swt) for his Ummah. The three things the blessed Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) prayed for were; 1. The Ummah goes to Jannah 2. The Ummah does not vanquish in this world for their sins  3. The Ummah are united. 

Allah (swt) informed Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa ale hi Wasallam) that the wishes are granted but the dis-unity of the Ummah in itself carries a blessing. 

Other Mosques are situated around Medina Munnawwarah where the homes of Sayyidina Abu Bakr Saddique (Ra), Sayyidina Umar Farooq (Ra), Sayyidina Usman Ghani (Ra) and Sayyidina Ali (Karamullah waj ho) once were. 

The Mountain of Uhud 

Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi Wasallam) states according to authentic hadith ‘Uhud is a mountain that loves us, and we love it’.  

Here the second most famous battle in Islamic history took place called the ‘Battle of Uhud’. The Muslimeen suffered huge losses after securing victory when a group of companions (Ra) failed to adhere to orders they had been given.  The most famous martyr from this battle is the uncle of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam); Sayyidina Abu Hamza (Ra). Here I prayed for the martyrs and spent some time contemplating the historic events of Islam. 

Jannah al Baqi  

This is the most blessed cemetery of Medina Munnawarah which is situated behind Masjid-e-Nabi. Here lie many blessed members of the family of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) and it was the practice of the blessed Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) to visit this blessed place and supplicate for those buried here.Here it is believed that anyone who is fortunate enough to be buried is guaranteed Paradise. 

Blessed Wells 

There are many famous wells in Medina Munnawarah. We visited some of these wells which have now been cordoned off by the authorities. However you are still able to go there and feel the legacy of the beloved Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam).  

Beir-Aris -  The blessed well which Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) liked and sweetened. The water of this well was used to perform the ghusl of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam).
 

Beir-e-Roma – On the wish of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) Sayyidina Usman Ghani (ra) purchased this well from its Jewish owner who did not allow anyone to drink from his well. Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) made this well available to everyone for free. 

Other Sites 

We visited the drinking well where Sayyidina Usman Ghani (Ra) dropped the blessed ring of the seal, which was owned by Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). This blessed ring had been used by the blessed Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa;ale hi wasallam) and had his seal on. This ring was then inherited by the rightly guided Caliphas after the passing of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). Sayyidina Usman Ghani (Ra) accidentally dropped this ring in this well and despite many attempts to retrieve it, the ring was never found. It is believed that Allah (swt) took this significant mark of Islamic dominance back and this signified the beginning of unrest and chaos within the Islamic rule. 

We also visited the garden in which Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi Wasallam) planted trees for Sayyidina Salman Farsi (Ra). At that time Sayyidina Salmaan Faarsi (Radiyallahu 'Anhu) was a slave of a Jew from the tribe of Banu Qurayzah. Rasullullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam)  purchased him by making him a Mukaatab - One who buys One's freedom for an agreed sum, and paid Dirhams for him to become a Mukaatab.
It was also agreed that he (Sayyidina Salmaan Faarsi (Ra)) should plant date palms,(the amount of three hundred palms) and until these bore fruit to tend them.  Rasullullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam planted the palms with his mubaarak -blessed hands and it was his mu'jizah (miracle) that all the palms bore fruit in the same year.
One tree among these did not bear fruit. Upon investigating it was found that Sayyidina Umar (Ra) had planted this tree, and that it was not planted by Rasullullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). Rasullullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam removed this palm and replanted it. Another mu'jizah Rasullullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam is that he planted the palms out of season and they bore fruit the same year. 
 

We also had a chance to see the place where Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was welcomed by the ansaar of Medina Munnawarah when Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) did the Hijrah – migration to Medina. 

We visited the site where Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi Wasallam) cried for his Ummah and Allah (swt) sent Hasrat Jibrail to convey the message that Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) would be satisfied. This place is now inhabited by Fakeer - saints, they do not go to anyone to ask for food or money but people come to them and give charity.

Badr


The town of Badr is 12km to the south of Medina Munnawwarah. It is the place where the greatest and most significant victory took place for the Muslimeen over the enemies of Islam. Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) led an army of just 313 against the powerful pagans of Makka who had an army of over three times in size. The Muslimeen were victorious and this signified the strength of the believers and their faith in Allah (swt).

Al Hamda lillah
 

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Medina Munawwarah Guide 

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Qari Muhammad Taha
 

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