The Qur’an has been revealed
over the period of twenty three years. The revelations came gradually over this period of time during the fortieth year of
the Prophet‘s (salla lahu alayhi wa'ale hi wasallam) life, with the first revelation being in the year 610.
The sacred Prophetic traditions - hadith reveal that the Qur’an actually descended
in two stages, the first being from Allah’s (swt) preserved tablet - Lahw Mahfuz in the seventh heaven, down
onto the first heaven. Then the descent was completed from heaven to the heart of Prophet Muhammad (salla lahu alayhi wa'ale
hi wasallam). The revelations of the Qur’an were brought by the Leader of Angels - Angel
The first revelation are the first five verses of Surah - Chapter
96 (Al-Alaq) and were revealed as Prophet Muhammad (salla lahu alayhi wa'ale hi wasallam) was staying in seclusion in
Mount Hira, a small cave outside of the Arabian city of Makka.
The revelations were
often revealed not just as commands for mankind, but also as advice and guidance for the Prophet (saw), and his companions
and followers in times of distress and need for Inspiration. However even these periodic verses act as guidance for all believers
in contemporary times. The Qur’an itself has not been compiled in order of the time of revelation and despite the efforts
of scholars to find the chronological order, the Qur’an remains in the exact sequence as it was originally compiled.
The Glorious Qur’an is the exact words and speech of Allah (swt), brought down
in the exact form by Angel Gabriel (as) and this why its preservation and protection can only have been possible by the Creator
Renowned Islamic Scholars discussed some of the many reasons for the gradual
revelation of the Qur’an and mentioned that the Qur’an intended to announce the laws of the Creator and give time
to the Prophet (saw) to implement these laws and commands. The period of twenty three years also prepared the Prophet (saw)
for his duty and mission as well as educating all his followers with the memorisation and understanding of the divine message.
The Prophet (saw) passed away shortly after the final revelation in the year 633.
Word of Allah (swt)
Since the time of the first revelation
upto the present time, doubts have been raised over whether the Qur’an is the divine revelation or produced and created
by Prophet Muhammad (salla lahu alayhi wa'ale hi wasallam) himself.
we should not get angry at such talk by non-Muslims as Islam is based on reason, logic, evidence and faith. The perfection
of the Qur’an has been sustained over a period of centuries, this cannot have been done simply by human efforts and
similarly the revelation and message cannot have been ‘created’ by man.
all accounts Prophet Muhammad (salla lahu alayhi wa'ale hi wasallam) was unlettered, he was not educated in the way of
reading or writing. His blessed knowledge came directly from Allah (swt). The Prophet (saw) was an honest and trustworthy
trader and shepherd who was simple and gentle by nature. As he received the revelations from Allah (swt) he began preaching
the message of One deity worthy of worship, the Sole Rabb - Lord, this was at a time of the practice of Idol Worship
done by powerful people. These revelations discussed the stories of previous Prophets and Messengers such as Noah (as), Abraham
(as), Moses (as) and Jesus (as). The Prophet (saw) revealed the destruction of past nations who failed to heed the message
and was able to fore-caste the future victories for the Muslims. For all educated and intelligent people, the question must
arise as to how the unlettered Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa'ale hi wasallam) had the knowledge of previous
religious texts as well as predictions of unimaginable future events. This is the clearest evidence and perhaps the reason
why Allah (swt) had willed the Prophet (saw) to be unlettered. We must not confuse this with the dis-respectful word
'illiterate', as this is a deficiency and there can be no defect in the Messenger of Allah (salla lahu alayhi
wa'ale hi wasallam). Being 'unlettered' was a great honour as the blessed Messenger (salla lahu alayhi wa'ale
hi wasallam) was not taught by any person, due to his exalted status as the 'Best of Creation'.
Even Non-Muslim scholars have reviewed the Qur’an with great scrutiny and poured scorn on any doubts
people had or may still have claiming the Prophet (saw) had used the Bible and Torah for reference, as the Bible was not translated
into Arabic before the year 1000. The Qur’an needs to be read and reviewed by all Muslims and Non-Muslims just to understand
the beauty of the text whether recited in Arabic or simply read through interpretation and translation.
Even the most literate person or group of people if attempting to fabricate a book, will make mistakes in either
the use of many styles of expression or including irrelevant events and even contradicting the mention of facts, however the
Qur’an has a consistency in its message, which has not wavered or deviated at any point. Even the language of the Qur’an
is unique with the absence of any story-telling style or any references to events not directly involved with the
message of Islam. (recommended reading ’Al-Quran - The Miracle of Miracles by A Deedat).
Qur’an is and always will be the greatest miracle to ever be revealed to our World. The evidence is in the elevation
of an orphan becoming the greatest Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa'ale hi wasallam) of Mankind. The fact that
the Qur’an has been unchanged for centuries and has been memorised by children and adults alike, in order to protect
the guarded Message from change and corruption.
The Muslim scholar Al- Qurtubi (ra)
wrote extensively on the literacy of the Qur’an, its Divine message and great effect on mankind. The challenge of what
he wrote and found has been taken up by many great scholars of Comparative religious studies. Imam Qurtubi found
- The language of the Qur’an excels all other Arabic language.
- The Style of the
Qur’an excels all other Arabic style.
- The Comprehensiveness of the Qur’an cannot
- The Legislation in the Qur’an cannot be surpassed.
Qur’anic revelations on the unknown and future cannot be explained.
- The Correctness of
the Qur’an has been confirmed by modern day sciences.
- The Qur’anic predictions are
- The Knowledge of the Qur’an on humanity and creation is complete.
- The tremendous effect the Qur’an has on the hearts of the readers.
(Recommended Reading ‘ Ulum al-Qur’an by AV Denffer)‘A Miracle of Purity of Style, of Wisdom and of truth’. Rev R. Bosworth-Smith.
‘Whenever I hear the Qur’an chanted, it is as though I am listening to music, underneath
the flowing melody, there is sounding all the time the insistent beat of a drum, it is like the beating of my heart’.
‘There is probably in the world no other book which has remained
twelve centuries with so pure a text’. Sir William Muir.
is read more than any other book in the world, the Christian Bible may be the best seller but nearly 250 Million followers
of Prophet Muhammad (salla lahu alayhu wa'ale hi wasallam) read or recite long sections of Al-Qur’an five times
a day (in prayer), every day of their lives from the time they talk’. Charles Francis Potter.
‘Well then, if the Qur’an were his own composition (Prophet Muhammad’s salla lahu alayhi wa'ale
hi wasallam) then other men could rival it. Let them produce ten verses like it. If they could not (and it is obvious
that they could not), then let them accept the Qur’an as an outstanding evidential miracle’. HAR Gibb.