Alif. Lam. Mim. (Many Surahs begin with letters of the Arabic alphabet.
Opinions differ as to their significance, the prevalent view being that they indicate some mystic words. Some believe they
are merely initials of the scribe. They are always included in the text and recited as part of it).
This is the Scripture whereof there is no doubt, a guidance unto those who ward off (evil).
Who believe in the Unseen, and establish worship, and spend of that We have bestowed upon them;
And who believe in that which is revealed unto thee (Muhammad) and that which was revealed before thee, and are
certain of the Hereafter.
These depend on guidance from their Lord. These are the successful.
As for the Disbelievers, Whether thou warn them or thou warn them not it is all one for them; they believe not.
Allah hath sealed their hearing and their hearts, and on their eyes there is a covering. Theirs will be an awful
And of mankind are some who say: We believe in Allah and the Last Day, when they believe not.
They think to beguile Allah and those who believe, and they beguile none save themselves; but they perceive not.
In their hearts is a disease, and Allah increaseth their disease. A painful doom is theirs because they lie.
And when it is said unto them: Make not mischief in the earth, they say: We are peacemakers only.
12. Are not they indeed the mischief-makers ? But they perceive not.
And when it is said unto them: believe as the people believe, they say: shall we believe as the foolish believe
? are not they indeed the foolish ? But they know not. (Verses 8-19, refer to
the ‘hypocrites’ or lukewarm Muslims of Al-Madinah. They pretended that their aim was to make peace between the
Muslims and the Jewish Rabbis but they only embittered the controversy)
14. And when they fall in with those who believe, they say: We believe; but when they go apart to their devils they
declare: Lo! we are with you; verily we did but mock.
15. Allah (Himself) doth mock them, leaving them to wander blindly on in their contumacy.
16. These are they who purchase error at the price of guidance, so their commerce doth not prosper, neither are they
17. Their likeness is as the likeness of one who kindleth fire, and when it sheddeth its light around him Allah taketh
away their light and leaveth them in darkness, where they cannot see,
18. Deaf, dumb and blind; and they return not.
19. Or like a rainstorm from the sky, wherein is darkness, thunder and the flash of lightning. They thrust their fingers
in their ears by reason of the thunder-claps, for fear of death, Allah encompasseth the disbelievers (in His guidance, His
omniscience and His omnipotence).
20. The lightning almost snatcheth away their sight from them. As often as it flasheth forth for them they walk therein,
and when it darkeneth against them they stand still. If Allah willed, He could destroy their hearing and their sight. Lo!
Allah is able to do all things.
21. O mankind! worship your Lord, Who hath created you and those before you, so that ye may ward off (evil).
22. Who hath appointed the earth a resting-place for you, and the sky a canopy; and causeth water to pour down from
the sky, thereby producing fruits as food for you. And do not set up rivals to Allah when ye know (better).
23. And if ye are in doubt concerning that which We reveal unto Our slave (Muhammad), then produce a surah of the like
thereof, and call your witness beside Allah if ye are truthful. (To be the slave
of Allah is the proudest boast of the Muslim, bondage to Allah liberating from all other servitudes. In the Qur’an,
mankind are often called slaves or bondsmen of Allah. This is a stronger and more just an expression than the word ‘servants’
found in other translations’).
24. And if ye do it not - and ye can never do it - then guard yourselves against the Fire prepared for disbelievers,
whose fuel is of men and stones.
25. And give glad tidings (O Muhammad) unto those who believe and do good works; that theirs are Gardens underneath
which rivers flow; as often as they are regaled with food of the fruit thereof, they say: this is what was given us aforetime;
and it is given to them in resemblance. There for them are pure companions; there for ever they abide. (The joys of Paradise will recall in a rapturous degree, the joys the righteous tasted in their life
26. Lo! Allah disdaineth not to coin the similitude even of a gnat. Those who believe know that it is the truth from
their Lord; but those who disbelieve say: What doth Allah wish (to teach) by such a similitude ? He misleadeth many thereby,
and He guideth many thereby; and He misleadeth thereby only miscreants;
27. Those who break the covenant of Allah after ratifying it, and sever that which Allah ordered to be joined, and
(who) make mischief in the earth: Those are they who are the losers.
28. How disbelieve ye in Allah when ye were dead and He gave life to you! Then He will give you death, then life again,
and then unto Him ye will return.
29. He it is Who created for you all that is in the earth. Then turned He to the heaven, and fashioned it as seven
heavens. And He is knower of all things.
30. And when thy Lord said unto the angels: Lo! I am about to place a viceroy in the earth, they said: Wilt thou place
therein one who will do harm therein and will shed blood, while we, we hymn Thy praise and sanctify Thee ? He said: Surely
I know that which ye know not.
31. And He taught Adam all the names, then showed them to the angels, saying: Inform Me of the names of these, if ye
are truthful. (‘Names’, this refers to either the Names & Attributes
of Allah (swt) or the names of everything including animals and plants).
32. They said: Be glorified! We have no knowledge saving that which Thou hast taught us. Lo! Thou, only Thou, art the
Knower, the Wise.
33. He said: O Adam! Inform them of their names, and when he had informed them of their names, He said: Did I not tell
you that I know the secret of the heavens and the earth ? And I know that which ye disclose and which ye hide.
34. And when We said unto the angels: Prostrate yourselves before Adam, they fell prostrate, all save Iblis. He demurred
through pride, and so became a disbeliever.
35. And We said: O Adam! Dwell thou and thy wife in the Garden, and eat ye freely (of the fruits) thereof where ye
will; but come not nigh this tree lest ye become wrong-doers.
36. But Satan caused them to deflect therefrom and expelled them from the (happy) state in which they were; and We
said: Fall down, one of you a foe unto the other! There shall be for you on earth a habitation and provision for a time. (‘Fall down’, this command is in the plural as addressed to Adam’s race)
37. Then Adam received from his Lord words (of revelation), and He relented toward him. Lo! He is the relenting, the
38. We said: Go down, all of you, from hence; but verily there cometh unto you from Me a guidance; and whoso followeth
My guidance, there shall no fear come upon them neither shall they grieve.
39. But they who disbelieve, and deny Our revelations, such are rightful Peoples of the Fire. They will abide therein.
40. O Children of Israel! Remember My favour wherewith I favoured you, and fulfil your (part of the) covenant, I shall
fulfil My (part of the) covenant, and fear Me.
41. And believe in that which I reveal, confirming that which ye possess already (of the Scripture), and be not first
to disbelieve therein, and part not with My revelations for a trifling price, and keep your duty unto Me.
42. Confound not truth with falsehood, nor knowingly conceal the truth.
43. Establish worship, pay the poor-due, and bow your heads with those who bow (in worship). (Referring to ‘Az-Zakah’ - A tax at a fixed rate in proportion to the worth of property, collected
from the privileged and distributed among the poor Muslims)
44. Enjoin ye righteousness upon mankind while ye yourselves forget (to practise it) ? And ye are readers of the Scripture!
Have ye then no sense ?
45. Seek help in patience and prayer; and truly it is hard save for the humble-minded,
46. Who know that they will have to meet their Lord, and that unto Him they are returning.
47. O Children of Israel! Remember My favour wherewith I favoured you and how I preferred you to (all) creatures.
48. And guard yourselves against a day when no soul will in aught avail another, nor will intercession be accepted
from it, nor will compensation be received from it, nor will they be helped.
49. And (remember) when We did deliver you from Pharaoh's folk, who were afflicting you with dreadful torment, slaying
your sons and sparing your women: that was a tremendous trial from your Lord.
50. And when We brought you through the sea and rescued you, and drowned the folk of Pharaoh in your sight.
51. And when We did appoint for Moses forty nights (of solitude), and then ye chose the calf, when he had gone from
you, and were wrong-doers.
52. Then, even after that, We pardoned you in order that ye might give thanks.
53. And when We gave unto Moses the Scripture and the criterion (of right and wrong), that ye might be led aright.
54. And when Moses said unto his people: O my people! Ye have wronged yourselves by your choosing of the calf (for
worship) so turn in penitence to your Creator, and kill (the guilty) yourselves. That will be best for you with your Creator
and He will relent toward you. Lo! He is the Relenting, the Merciful.
55. And when ye said: O Moses! We will not believe in thee till we see Allah plainly; and even while ye gazed the lightning
56. Then We revived you after your extinction, that ye might give thanks.
57. And We caused the white cloud to overshadow you and sent down on you the manna and the quails, (saying): Eat of
the good things wherewith We have provided you - they wronged Us not, but they did wrong themselves.
58. And when We said: Go into this township and eat freely of that which is therein, and enter the gate prostrate,
and say: "Repentance." We will forgive you your sins and will increase (reward) for the right-doers.
59. But those who did wrong changed the word which had been told them for another saying, and We sent down upon the
evil-doers wrath from heaven for their evil-doing. (A Prophet’s (saw) tradition
confirms the word ‘Hittatun’ implies submission to Allah and repentance. The evil-doers changed it for a word
60. And when Moses asked for water for his people, We said: Smite with thy staff the rock. And there gushed out therefrom
twelve springs (so that) each tribe knew their drinking-place. Eat and drink of that which Allah hath provided, and do not
act corruptly, making mischief in the earth.
61. And when ye said: O Moses! We are weary of one kind of food; so call upon thy Lord for us that He bring forth for
us of that which the earth groweth - of its herbs and its cucumbers and its corn and its lentils and its onions. He said:
Would ye exchange that which is higher for that which is lower ? Go down to settled country, thus ye shall get that which
ye demand. And humiliation and wretchedness were stamped upon them and they were visited with wrath from Allah. That was because
they disbelieved in Allah's revelations and slew the Prophets wrongfully. That was for their disobedience and transgression.
62. Lo! Those who believe (in that which is revealed unto thee, Muhammad), and those who are Jews, and Christians,
and Sabaeans - whoever believeth in Allah and the Last Day and doeth right - surely their reward is with their Lord, and there
shall no fear come upon them neither shall they grieve.
63. And (remember, O Children of Israel) when We made a covenant with you and caused the mount to tower above you,
(saying): Hold fast that which We have given you, and remember that which is therein, that ye may ward off (evil).
64. Then, even after that, ye turned away, and if it had not been for the grace of Allah and His mercy ye had been
among the losers.
65. And ye know of those of you who broke the Sabbath, how We said unto them: Be ye apes, despised and hated!
66. And We made it an example to their own and to succeeding generations, and an admonition to the God-fearing.
67. And when Moses said unto his people: Lo! Allah commandeth you that ye sacrifice a cow, they said: Dost thou make
game of us ? He answered: Allah forbid that I should be among the foolish!
68. They said: Pray for us unto thy Lord that He make clear to us what (cow) she is. (Moses) answered: Lo! He saith,
Verily she is a cow neither with calf nor immature; (she is) between the two conditions; so do that which ye are commanded.
69. They said: Pray for us unto thy Lord that He make clear to us of what colour she is. (Moses) answered: Lo! He saith:
Verily she is a yellow cow. Bright is her colour, gladdening beholders.
70. They said: Pray for us unto thy Lord that He make clear to us what (cow) she is. Lo! cows are much alike to us;
and Lo! if Allah wills, we may be led aright.
71. (Moses) answered: Lo! He saith: Verily she is a cow unyoked; she plougheth not the soil nor watereth the tilth;
whole and without mark. They said: Now thou bringest the truth. So they sacrificed her, though almost they did not.
72. And (remember) when ye slew a man and disagreed concerning it and Allah brought forth that which ye were hiding.
73. And We said: Smite him with some of it. Thus Allah bringeth the dead to life and showeth you His portents so that
ye may understand.
74. Then, even after that, your hearts were hardened and became as rocks, or worse than rocks, for hardness. For indeed
there are rocks from out which rivers gush, and indeed there are rocks which split asunder so that water floweth from them.
And indeed there are rocks which fall down for the fear of Allah. Allah is not unaware of what ye do.
75. Have ye any hope that they will be true to you when a party of them used to listen to the word of Allah, then used
to change it, after they had understood it, knowingly ?
76. And when they fall in with those who believe, they say: We believe. But when they go apart one with another they
say: Prate ye to them of that which Allah hath disclosed to you that they may contend with you before your Lord concerning
it ? Have ye then no sense ?
77. Are they then unaware that Allah knoweth that which they keep hidden and that which they proclaim ?
78. Among them are unlettered folk who know the Scripture not except from hearsay. They but guess.
79. Therefore woe be unto those who write the Scripture with their hands and then say, "This is from Allah," that they
may purchase a small gain therewith. Woe unto them for that their hands have written, and woe unto them for that they earn
80. And they say: The Fire (of punishment) will not touch us save for a certain number of days. Say: Have ye received
a covenant from Allah - truly Allah will not break His covenant - or tell ye concerning Allah that which ye know not ?
81. Nay, but whosoever hath done evil and his sin surroundeth him; such are rightful owners of the Fire; they will
82. And those who believe and do good works: such are rightful owners of the Garden. They will abide therein.
83. And (remember) when We made a covenant with the Children of Israel, (saying): Worship none save Allah (only), and
be good to parents and to kindred and to orphans and the needy, and speak kindly to mankind; and establish worship and pay
the poor-due. Then, after that, ye slid back, save a few of you, being averse.
84. And when We made with you a covenant (saying): Shed not the blood of your people nor turn (a party of) your people
out of your dwellings. Then ye ratified (Our covenant) and ye were witnesses (thereto).
85. Yet ye it is who slay each other and drive out a party of your people from their homes, supporting one another
against them by sin and transgression ? - and if they came to you as captives ye would ransom them, whereas their expulsion
was itself unlawful for you - Believe ye in part of the Scripture and disbelieve ye in part thereof ? And what is the reward
of those who do so save ignominy in the life of the world, and on the Day of Resurrection they will be consigned to the most
grievous doom. For Allah is not unaware of what ye do. (Referring to the Jews
who would form allies with Arab tribes against their own but would then ransom the captives)
86. Such are those who buy the life of the world at the price of the Hereafter. Their punishment will not be lightened,
neither will they have support.
87. And verily We gave unto Moses the Scripture and We caused a train of messengers to follow after him, and We gave
unto Jesus, son of Mary, clear proofs (of Allah's sovereignty), and We supported him with the Holy spirit. (‘Holy Spirit’ refers to the angel of revelation ‘Gabriel’) Is it
ever so, that, when there cometh unto you a messenger (from Allah) with that which ye yourselves desire not, ye grow arrogant,
and some ye disbelieve and some ye slay ?
88. And they say: Our hearts are hardened. Nay, but Allah hath cursed them for their unbelief. Little is that which
89. And when there cometh unto them a scripture from Allah, confirming that in their possession - though before that
they were asking for a signal triumph over those who disbelieved - and when there cometh unto them that which they know (to
be the truth) they disbelieve therein. The curse of Allah is on disbelievers.
90. Evil is that for which they sell their souls: that they should disbelieve in that which Allah hath revealed, grudging
that Allah should reveal of His bounty unto whom He will of His slaves. They have incurred anger upon anger. For disbelievers
is a shameful doom.
91. And when it is said unto them: Believe in that which Allah hath revealed, they say: We believe in that which was
revealed unto us. And they disbelieve in that which cometh after it, though it is the truth confirming that which they possess.
Say (unto them, O Muhammad): Why then slew ye the prophets of Allah aforetime, if ye are (indeed) believers ?
92. And Moses came unto you with clear proofs (of Allah's Sovereignty), yet, while he was away, ye chose the calf (for
worship) and ye were wrong-doers.
93. And when We made with you a covenant and caused the Mount to tower above you, (saying): Hold fast by that which
We have given you, and hear (Our Word), they said: We hear and we rebel. And (worship of) the calf was made to sink into their
hearts because of their rejection (of the covenant). Say (unto them): Evil is that which your belief enjoineth on you, if
ye are believers.
94. Say (unto them): If the abode of the Hereafter in the providence of Allah is indeed for you alone and not for others
of mankind (as ye pretend), then long for death (for ye must long for death) if ye are truthful.
95. But they will never long for it, because of that which their own hands have sent before them. Allah is aware of
96. And thou wilt find them greediest of mankind for life and (greedier) than the idolaters. (Each) one of them would
like to be allowed to live a thousand years. And to live (a thousand years) would be no means remove him from the doom. Allah
is Seer of what they do.
97. Say (O Muhammad, to mankind): Who is an enemy to Gabriel! For he it is who hath revealed (this Scripture) to thy
heart by Allah's leave, confirming that which was (revealed) before it, and a guidance and glad tidings to believers;
98. Who is an enemy to Allah, and His angels and His messengers, and Gabriel and Michael! Then, lo! Allah (Himself)
is an enemy to the disbelievers.
99. Verily We have revealed unto thee clear tokens, and only miscreants will disbelieve in them.
100. Is it ever so that when they make a covenant a party of them set it aside ? The truth is, most of them believe
101. And when there cometh unto them a messenger from Allah, confirming that which they possess, a party of those who
have received the Scripture fling the Scripture of Allah behind their backs as if they knew not,
102. And follow that which the devils falsely related against the kingdom of Solomon. Solomon disbelieved not; but
the devils disbelieved, teaching mankind magic and that which was revealed to the two angels in Babel, Harut and Marut. Nor
did they (the two angels) teach it to anyone till they had said: We are only a temptation, therefore disbelieve not (in the
guidance of Allah). And from these two (angles) people learn that by which they cause division between man and wife; but they
injure thereby no-one save by Allah's leave. And they learn that which harmeth them and profiteth them not. And surely they
do know that he who trafficketh therein will have no (happy) portion in the Hereafter; and surely evil is the price for which
they sell their souls, if they but knew.
103. And if they had believed and kept from evil, a recompense from Allah would be better, if they only knew.
104. O ye who believe, say not (unto the Prophet): "Listen to us" but say "Look upon us," and be ye listeners. For
disbelievers is a painful doom. (The Muslims used to call the attention of the
Prophet (saw) respectfully by saying ‘Ra’ina’. The Jews could change this into an insult by a slight mis-pronounication)
105. Neither those who disbelieve among the people of the Scripture (Jews
and Christians) nor the idolaters love that there should be sent down unto you any good thing from your Lord. But
Allah chooseth for His mercy whom He will, and Allah is of Infinite Bounty.
106. Nothing of our revelation (even a single verse) do we abrogate or cause be forgotten, but we bring (in place)
one better or the like thereof. Knowest thou not that Allah is Able to do all things ?
107. Knowest thou not that it is Allah unto Whom belongeth the Sovereignty of the heavens and the earth; and ye have
not, beside Allah, any guardian or helper ?
108. Or would ye question your messenger as Moses was questioned aforetime ? He who chooseth disbelief instead of faith,
verily he hath gone astray from a plain road.
109. Many of the people of the Scripture long to make you disbelievers after your belief, through envy on their own
account, after the truth hath become manifest unto them. Forgive and be indulgent (toward them) until Allah give command.
Lo! Allah is Able to do all things.
110. Establish worship, and pay the poor-due; and whatever of good ye send before (you) for your souls, ye will find
it with Allah. Lo! Allah is Seer of what ye do.
111. And they say: None entereth paradise unless he be a Jew or a Christian. These are their own desires. Say: Bring
your proof (of what ye state) if ye are truthful.
112. Nay, but whosoever surrendereth his purpose to Allah while doing good, his reward is with his Lord; and there
shall no fear come upon them neither shall they grieve.
113. And the Jews say the Christians follow nothing (true), and the Christians say the Jews follow nothing (true);
yet both are readers of the Scripture. Even thus speak those who know not. Allah will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection
concerning that wherein they differ.
114. And who doth greater wrong than he who forbiddeth the approach to the sanctuaries of Allah lest His name should
be mentioned therein, and striveth for their ruin. As for such, it was never meant that they should enter them except in fear.
Theirs in the world is ignominy and theirs in the Hereafter is an awful doom.
115. Unto Allah belong the East and the West, and whithersoever ye turn, there is Allah's Countenance. Lo! Allah is
116. And they say: Allah hath taken unto Himself a son. Be He glorified! Nay, but whatsoever is in the heavens and
the earth is His. All are subservient unto Him.
117. The Originator of the heavens and the earth! When He decreeth a thing, He saith unto it only: Be! and it is.
118. And those who have no knowledge say: Why doth not Allah speak unto us, or some sign come unto us ? Even thus,
as they now speak, spake those (who were) before them. Their hearts are all alike. We have made clear the revelations for
people who are sure.
119. Lo! We have sent thee (O Muhammad) with the truth, a bringer of glad tidings and a warner. And thou wilt not be
asked about the owners of hell-fire.
120. And the Jews will not be pleased with thee, nor will the Christians, till thou follow their creed. Say: Lo! the
guidance of Allah (Himself) is Guidance. And if thou shouldst follow their desires after the knowledge which hath come unto
thee, then wouldst thou have from Allah no protecting guardian nor helper.
121. Those unto whom We have given the Scripture, who read it with the right reading, those believe in it. And whoso
disbelieveth in it, those are they who are the losers.
122. O Children of Israel! Remember My favour wherewith I favoured you and how I preferred you to (all) creatures.
123. And guard (yourselves) against a day when no soul will in aught avail another, nor will compensation be accepted
from it, nor will intercession be of use to it; nor will they be helped.
124. And (remember) when his Lord tried Abraham with (His) commands, and he fulfilled them, He said: Lo! I have appointed
thee a leader for mankind. (Abraham) said: And of my offspring (will there be leaders) ? He said: My covenant includeth not
125. And when We made the House (at Makka) a resort for mankind and sanctuary, (saying): Take as your place of worship
the place where Abraham stood (to pray). And We imposed a duty upon Abraham and Ishmael, (saying): Purify My house for those
who go around and those who meditate therein and those who bow down and prostrate themselves (in worship).
126. And when Abraham prayed: My Lord! Make this a region of security and bestow upon its people fruits, such of them
as believe in Allah and the Last Day, He answered: As for him who disbelieveth, I shall leave him in contentment for a while,
then I shall compel him to the doom of Fire - a hapless journey's end!
127. And when Abraham and Ishmael were raising the foundations of the House, (Abraham prayed): Our Lord! Accept from
us (this duty). Lo! Thou, only Thou, art the Hearer, the Knower.
128. Our Lord! And make us submissive unto Thee and of our seed a nation submissive unto Thee, and show us our ways
of worship, and relent toward us. Lo! Thou, only Thou, art the Relenting, the Merciful.
129. Our Lord! And raise up in their midst a messenger from among them who shall recite unto them Thy revelations,
and shall instruct them in the Scripture and in wisdom and shall make them grow. Lo! Thou, only Thou, art the Mighty, Wise.
130. And who forsaketh the religion of Abraham save him who befooleth himself ? Verily We chose him in the world, and
lo! in the Hereafter he is among the righteous.
131. When his Lord said unto him: Surrender! he said: I have surrendered to the Lord of the Worlds.
132. The same did Abraham enjoin upon his sons, and also Jacob, (saying): O my sons! Lo! Allah hath chosen for you
the (true) religion; therefore die not save as men who have surrendered (unto Him).
133. Or were ye present when death came to Jacob, when he said unto his sons: What will ye worship after me ? They
said: We shall worship thy God, the God of thy fathers, Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac, One God, and unto Him we have surrendered.
134. Those are a people who have passed away. Theirs is that which they earned, and yours is that which ye earn. And
ye will not be asked of what they used to do.
135. And they say: Be Jews or Christians, then ye will be rightly guided. Say (unto them, O Muhammad): Nay, but (we
follow) the religion of Abraham, the upright, and he was not of the idolaters.
136. Say (O Muslims): We believe in Allah and that which is revealed unto us and that which was revealed unto Abraham,
and Ishmael, and Isaac, and Jacob, and the tribes, and that which Moses and Jesus received, and that which the prophets received
from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and unto Him we have surrendered.
137. And if they believe in the like of that which ye believe, then are they rightly guided. But if they turn away,
then are they in schism, and Allah will suffice thee (for defence) against them. He is the Hearer, the Knower.
138. (We take our) colour from Allah, and who is better than Allah at colouring. We are His worshippers.
139. Say (unto the People of the Scripture): Dispute ye with us concerning Allah when He is our Lord and your Lord
? Ours are our works and yours your works. We look to Him alone.
140. Or say ye that Abraham, and Ishmael, and Isaac, and Jacob, and the tribes were Jews or Christians ? Say: Do ye
know best, or doth Allah ? And who is more unjust than he who hideth a testimony which he hath received from Allah ? Allah
is not unaware of what ye do.
141. Those are a people who have passed away; theirs is that which they earned and yours that which ye earn. And ye
will not be asked of what they used to do.
142. The foolish of the people will say: What hath turned them from the qiblah which they formerly observed ? Say:
Unto Allah belong the East and the West. He guideth whom He will unto a straight path. (The
first ‘qiblah’ - the place towards which the face turns to pray, was Jerusalem. This gave rise to mis-understanding
from the Jews in Madinah who were trying to bring Muslims towards Judaism. This caused anxiety to the Prophet (saw))
143. Thus We have appointed you a middle nation, that ye may be witnesses against mankind, and that the messenger may
be a witness against you. And We appointed the qiblah which ye formerly observed only that We might know him who followeth
the messenger, from him who turneth on his heels. In truth it was a hard (test) save for those whom Allah guided. But it was
not Allah's purpose that your faith should be in vain, for Allah is Full of Pity, Merciful toward mankind.
144. We have seen the turning of thy face to heaven (for guidance, O Muhammad). And now verily We shall make thee turn
(in prayer) toward a qiblah which is dear to thee. So turn thy face toward the Inviolable Place of Worship,(Kaaba at Mecca) and ye (O Muslims), wheresoever ye may be, turn your faces (when ye pray)
toward it. Lo! Those who have received the Scripture know that (this revelation) is the Truth from their Lord. And Allah is
not unaware of what they do.
145. And even if thou broughtest unto those who have received the Scripture all kinds of portents, they would not follow
thy qiblah, nor canst thou be a follower of their qiblah; nor are some of them followers of the qiblah of others. And if thou
shouldst follow their desires after the knowledge which hath come unto thee, then surely wert thou of the evil-doers.
146. Those unto whom We gave the Scripture recognise (this revelation) as they recognise their sons. But lo! a party
of them knowingly conceal the truth.
147. It is the Truth from thy Lord (O Muhammad), so be not thou of those who waver.
148. And each one hath a goal toward which he turneth; so vie with one another in good works. Wheresoever ye may be,
Allah will bring you all together. Lo! Allah is Able to do all things.
149. And whencesoever thou comest forth (for prayer, O Muhammad) turn thy face toward the Inviolable Place of Worship.
Lo! it is the Truth from thy Lord. Allah is not unaware of what ye do.
150. Whencesoever thou comest forth turn thy face toward the Inviolable Place of Worship; and wheresoever ye may be
(O Muslims) turn your faces toward it (when ye pray) so that men may have no argument against you, save such of them as do
injustice - Fear them not, but fear Me! - and so that I may complete My grace upon you, and that ye may be guided.
151. Even as We have sent unto you a messenger from among you, who reciteth unto you Our revelations and causeth you
to grow, and teacheth you the Scripture and wisdom, and teacheth you that which ye knew not.
152. Therefore remember Me, I will remember you. Give thanks to Me, and reject not Me.
153. O ye who believe! Seek help in steadfastness and prayer. Lo! Allah is with the steadfast.
154. And call not those who are slain in the way of Allah "dead." Nay, they are living, only ye perceive not.
155. And surely We shall try you with something of fear and hunger, and loss of wealth and lives and crops; but give
glad tidings to the steadfast,
156. Who say, when a misfortune striketh them: Lo! we are Allah's and lo! unto Him we are returning.
157. Such are they on whom are blessings from their Lord, and mercy. Such are the rightly guided.
158. Lo! (the mountains) As-Safa and Al-Marwah are among the indications of Allah. It is therefore no sin for him who
is on pilgrimage to the House (of God) or visiteth it, to go around them (as the pagan custom is). And he who doeth good of
his own accord, (for him) lo! Allah is Responsive, Aware.
159. Lo! Those who hide the proofs and the guidance which We revealed, after We had made it clear to mankind in the
Scripture: such are accursed of Allah and accursed of those who have the power to curse.
160. Except those who repent and amend and make manifest (the truth). These it is toward whom I relent. I am the Relenting,
161. Lo! Those who disbelieve, and die while they are disbelievers; on them is the curse of Allah and of angels and
of men combined.
162. They ever dwell therein. The doom will not be lightened for them, neither will they be reprieved.
163. Your God is One God; there is no God save Him, the Beneficent, the Merciful.
164. Lo! In the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the difference of night and day, and the ships which run
upon the sea with that which is of use to men, and the water which Allah sendeth down from the sky, thereby reviving the earth
after its death, and dispersing all kinds of beasts therein, and (in) the ordinance of the winds, and the clouds obedient
between heaven and earth: are signs (of Allah's Sovereignty) for people who have sense.
165. Yet of mankind are some who take unto themselves (objects of worship which they set as) rivals to Allah, loving
them with a love like (that which is the due) of Allah (only) - those who believe are stauncher in their love for Allah -
Oh, that those who do evil had but known, (on the day) when they behold the doom, that power belongeth wholly to Allah, and
that Allah is severe in punishment!
166. (On the day) when those who were followed disown those who followed (them), and they behold the doom, and all
their aims collapse with them.
167. And those who were but followers will say: If a return were possible for us, we would disown them even as they
have disowned us. Thus will Allah show them their own deeds as anguish for them, and they will not emerge from the Fire.
168. O mankind! Eat of that which is lawful and wholesome in the earth, and follow not the footsteps of the devil.
Lo! he is an open enemy for you.
169. He enjoineth upon you only the evil and the foul, and that ye should tell concerning Allah that which ye know
170. And when it is said unto them: Follow that which Allah hath revealed, they say: We follow that wherein we found
our fathers. What! Even though their fathers were wholly unintelligent and had no guidance ?
171. The likeness of those who disbelieve (in relation to the messenger) is as the likeness of one who calleth unto
that which heareth naught except a shout and cry. Deaf, dumb, blind, therefore they have no sense.
172. O ye who believe! Eat of the good things wherewith We have provided you, and render thanks to Allah if it is (indeed)
He Whom ye worship.
173. He hath forbidden you only carrion, and blood, and swineflesh, and that which hath been immolated to (the name
of) any other than Allah. But he who is driven by necessity, neither craving nor transgressing, it is no sin for him. Lo!
Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
174. Lo! those who hide aught of the Scripture which Allah hath revealed and purchase a small gain therewith, they
eat into their bellies nothing else than fire. Allah will not speak to them on the Day of Resurrection, nor will He make them
grow. Theirs will be a painful doom.
175. Those are they who purchase error at the price of guidance, and torment at the price of pardon. How constant are
they in their strife to reach the Fire!
176. That is because Allah hath revealed the Scripture with the truth. Lo! those who find (a cause of) disagreement
in the Scripture are in open schism.
177. It is not righteousness that ye turn your faces to the East and the West; but righteous is he who believeth in
Allah and the Last Day and the angels and the Scripture and the prophets; and giveth wealth, for love of Him, to kinsfolk
and to orphans and the needy and the wayfarer and to those who ask, and to set slaves free; and observeth proper worship and
payeth the poor-due. And those who keep their treaty when they make one, and the patient in tribulation and adversity and
time of stress. Such are they who are sincere. Such are the God-fearing.
178. O ye who believe! Retaliation is prescribed for you in the matter of the murdered; the freeman for the freeman,
and the slave for the slave, and the female for the female. And for him who is forgiven somewhat by his (injured) brother,
prosecution according to usage and payment unto him in kindness. This is an alleviation and a mercy from your Lord. He who
transgresseth after this will have a painful doom.
179. And there is life for you in retaliation, O men of understanding, that ye may ward off (evil).
180. It is prescribed for you, when death approacheth one of you, if he leave wealth, that he bequeath unto parents
and near relatives in kindness. (This is) a duty for all those who ward off (evil).
181. And whoso changeth (the will) after he hath heard it - the sin thereof is only upon those who change it. Lo! Allah
is Hearer, Knower.
182. But he who feareth from a testator some unjust or sinful clause, and maketh peace between the parties, (it shall
be) no sin for him. Lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
183. O ye who believe! Fasting is prescribed for you, even as it was prescribed for those before you, that ye may ward
184. (Fast) a certain number of days; and (for) him who is sick among you, or on a journey, (the same) number of other
days; and for those who can afford it there is a ransom: the feeding of a man in need - but whoso doeth good of his own accord,
it is better for him: and that ye fast is better for you if ye did but know -
185. The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Qur'an, a guidance for mankind, and clear proofs of the guidance,
and the Criterion (of right and wrong). And whosoever of you is present, let him fast the month, and whosoever of you is sick
or on a journey, (let him fast the same) number of other days. Allah desireth for you ease; He desireth not hardship for you;
and (He desireth) that ye should complete the period, and that ye should magnify Allah for having guided you, and that peradventure
ye may be thankful.
186. And when My servants question thee concerning Me, then surely I am nigh. I answer the prayer of the suppliant
when he crieth unto Me. So let them hear My call and let them trust in Me, in order that they may be led aright.
187. It is made lawful for you to go in unto your wives on the night of the fast. They are raiment for you and ye are
raiment for them. Allah is Aware that ye were deceiving yourselves in this respect and He hath turned in mercy toward you
and relieved you. So hold intercourse with them and seek that which Allah hath ordained for you, and eat and drink until the
white thread becometh distinct to you from the black thread of the dawn. Then strictly observe the fast till nightfall and
touch them not, but be at your devotions in the mosques. These are the limits imposed by Allah, so approach them not. Thus
Allah expoundeth His revelation to mankind that they may ward off (evil). (Before
this verse was revealed, Muslims fasted from the evening meal on one day till the evening meal of the next. This resulted
in ill-health and also intercourse with their wives had been completely restricted)
188. And eat not up your property among yourselves in vanity, nor seek by it to gain the hearing of the judges that
ye may knowingly devour a portion of the property of others wrongfully.
189. They ask thee, (O Muhammad), of new moons, say: They are fixed seasons for mankind and for the pilgrimage. It
is not righteousness that ye go to houses by the backs thereof (as do the idolaters at certain seasons), but the righteous
man is he who wardeth off (evil). So go to houses by the gates thereof, and observe your duty to Allah, that ye may be successful.
190. Fight in the way of Allah against those who fight against you, but begin not hostilities. Lo! Allah loveth not
191. And slay them wherever ye find them, and drive them out of the places whence they drove you out, for persecution
is worse than slaughter. And fight not with them at the Inviolable Place of Worship until they first attack you there, but
if they attack you (there) then slay them. Such is the reward of disbelievers.
192. But if they desist, then lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
193. And fight them until persecution is no more, and religion is for Allah. But if they desist, then let there be
no hostility except against wrong-doers.
194. The forbidden month for the forbidden month, and forbidden things in retaliation. And one who attacketh you, attack
him in like manner as he attacked you. Observe your duty to Allah, and know that Allah is with those who ward off (evil).
195. Spend your wealth for the cause of Allah, and be not cast by your own hands to ruin; and do good. Lo! Allah loveth
196. Perform the pilgrimage and the visit (to Makka) for Allah. And if ye are prevented, then send such gifts as can
be obtained with ease, and shave not your heads until the gifts have reached their destination. And whoever among you is sick
or hath an ailment of the head must pay a ransom of fasting or almsgiving or offering. And if ye are in safety, then whosoever
contenteth himself with the visit for the pilgrimage (shall give) such gifts as can be had with ease. And whosoever cannot
find (such gifts), then a fast of three days while on the pilgrimage, and of seven when ye have returned; that is, ten in
all. That is for him whoso folk are not present at the Inviolable Place of Worship. Observe your duty to Allah, and know that
Allah is severe in punishment.
197. The pilgrimage is (in) the well-known months, and whoever is minded to perform the pilgrimage therein (let him
remember that) there is (to be) no lewdness nor abuse nor angry conversation on the pilgrimage. And whatsoever good ye do
Allah knoweth it. So make provision for yourselves (Hereafter); for the best provision is to ward off evil. Therefore keep
your duty unto Me, O men of understanding.
198. It is no sin for you that ye seek the bounty of your Lord (by trading). But, when ye press on in the multitude
from 'Arafat, remember Allah by the sacred monument. Remember Him as He hath guided you, although before ye were of those
199. Then hasten onward from the place whence the multitude hasteneth onward, and ask forgiveness of Allah. Lo! Allah
is Forgiving, Merciful.
200. And when ye have completed your devotions, then remember Allah as ye remember your fathers or with a more lively
remembrance. But of mankind is he who saith: "Our Lord! Give unto us in the world," and he hath no portion in the Hereafter.
201. And of them (also) is he who saith: "Our Lord! Give unto us in the world that which is good and in the Hereafter
that which is good, and guard us from the doom of Fire."
202. For them there is in store a goodly portion out of that which they have earned. Allah is swift at reckoning.
203. Remember Allah through the appointed days. Then whoso hasteneth (his departure) by two days, it is no sin for
him, and whoso delayeth, it is no sin for him; that is for him who wardeth off (evil). Be careful of your duty to Allah, and
know that unto Him ye will be gathered.
204. And of mankind there is he whoso conversation on the life of this world pleaseth thee (Muhammad), and he calleth
Allah to witness as to that which is in his heart; yet he is the most rigid of opponents.
205. And when he turneth away (from thee) his effort in the land is to make mischief therein and to destroy the crops
and the cattle; and Allah loveth not mischief.
206. And when it is said unto him: Be careful of thy duty to Allah, pride taketh him to sin. Hell will settle his account,
an evil resting-place.
207. And of mankind is he who would sell himself, seeking the pleasure of Allah; and Allah hath compassion on (His)
208. O ye who believe! Come, all of you, into submission (unto Him); and follow not the footsteps of the devil. Lo!
he is an open enemy for you.
209. And if ye slide back after the clear proofs have come unto you, then know that Allah is Mighty, Wise.
210. Wait they for naught else than that Allah should come unto them in the shadows of the clouds with the angels ?
Then the case would be already judged. All cases go back to Allah (for judgment).
211. Ask of the Children of Israel how many a clear revelation We gave them! He who altereth the grace of Allah after
it hath come unto him (for him), lo! Allah is severe in punishment.
212. Beautified is the life of the world for those who disbelieve; they make a jest of the believers. But those who
keep their duty to Allah will be above them on the Day of Resurrection. Allah giveth without stint to whom He will.
213. Mankind were one community, and Allah sent (unto them) Prophets as bearers of good tidings and as warners, and
revealed therewith the Scripture with the truth that it might judge between mankind concerning that wherein they differed.
And only those unto whom (the Scripture) was given differed concerning it, after clear proofs had come unto them, through
hatred one of another. And Allah by His Will guided those who believe unto the truth of that concerning which they differed.
Allah guideth whom He will unto a straight path.
214. Or think ye that ye will enter paradise while yet there hath not come unto you the like of (that which came to)
those who passed away before you ? Affliction and adversity befell them, they were shaken as with earthquake, till the messenger
(of Allah) and those who believed along with him said: When cometh Allah's help ? Now surely Allah's help is nigh.
215. They ask thee, (O Muhammad), what they shall spend. Say: that which ye spend for good (must go) to parents and
near kindred and orphans and the needy and the wayfarer. And whatsoever good ye do, lo! Allah is Aware of it.
216. Warfare is ordained for you, though it is hateful unto you; but it may happen that ye hate a thing which is good
for you, and it may happen that ye love a thing which is bad for you. Allah knoweth, ye know not.
217. They question thee (O Muhammad) with regard to warfare in the sacred month. Say: Warfare therein is a great (transgression),
but to turn (men) from the way of Allah, and to disbelieve in Him and in the Inviolable Place of Worship, and to expel His
people thence, is a greater with Allah; for persecution is worse than killing. And they will not cease from fighting against
you till they have made you renegades from your religion, if they can. And whoso becometh a renegade and dieth in his disbelief:
such are they whose works have fallen both in the world and the Hereafter. Such are rightful owners of the Fire: they will
218. Lo! those who believe, and those who emigrate (to escape the persecution) and strive in the way of Allah, these
have hope of Allah's mercy. Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
219. They question thee about strong drink and games of chance. Say: In both is great sin, and (some) utility for men;
but the sin of them is greater than their usefulness. And they ask thee what they ought to spend. Say: that which is superfluous.
Thus Allah maketh plain to you (His) revelations, that haply ye may reflect.
220. Upon the world and the Hereafter. And they question thee concerning orphans. Say: To improve their lot is best.
And if ye mingle your affairs with theirs, then (they are) your brothers. Allah knoweth him who spoileth from him who improveth.
Had Allah willed He could have overburdened you. Allah is Mighty, Wise.
221. Wed not idolatresses till they believe; for lo! a believing bondwoman is better than an idolatress though she
please you; and give not your daughters in marriage to idolaters till they believe, for lo! a believing slave is better than
an idolater though he please you. These invite unto the Fire, and Allah inviteth unto the Garden, and unto forgiveness by
His grace, and expoundeth His revelations to mankind that haply they may remember.
222. They question thee (O Muhammad) concerning menstruation. Say: It is an illness, so let women alone at such times
and go not in unto them till they are cleansed. And when they have purified themselves, then go in unto them as Allah hath
enjoined upon you. Truly Allah loveth those who turn unto Him, and loveth those who have a care for cleanness.
223. Your women are a tilth for you (to cultivate) so go to your tilth as ye will, and send (good deeds) before you
for your souls, and fear Allah, and know that ye will (one day) meet Him. Give glad tidings to believers, (O Muhammad).
224. And make not Allah, by your oaths, a hindrance to your being righteous and observing your duty unto Him and making
peace among mankind. Allah is Hearer, Knower.
225. Allah will not take you to task for that which is unintentional in your oaths. But He will take you to task for
that which your hearts have garnered. Allah is Forgiving, Clement.
226. Those who forswear their wives must wait four months; then, if they change their mind, lo! Allah is Forgiving,
227. And if they decide upon divorce (let them remember that) Allah is Hearer, Knower.
228. Women who are divorced shall wait, keeping themselves apart, three (monthly) courses. And it is not lawful for
them that they should conceal that which Allah hath created in their wombs if they are believers in Allah and the Last Day.
And their husbands would do better to take them back in that case if they desire a reconciliation. And they (women) have rights
similar to those (of men) over them in kindness, and men are a degree above them. Allah is Mighty, Wise.
229. Divorce must be pronounced twice and then (a woman) must be retained in honour or released in kindness. And it
is not lawful for you that ye take from women aught of that which ye have given them; except (in the case) when both fear
that they may not be able to keep within the limits (imposed by) Allah. And if ye fear that they may not be able to keep the
limits of Allah, in that case it is no sin for either of them if the woman ransom herself. These are the limits (imposed by)
Allah. Transgress them not. For whoso transgresseth Allah's limits: such are wrong-doers.
230. And if he hath divorced her (the third time), then she is not lawful unto him thereafter until she hath wedded
another husband. Then if he (the other husband) divorce her it is no sin for both of them that they come together again if
they consider that they are able to observe the limits of Allah. These are the limits of Allah. He manifesteth them for people
who have knowledge.
231. When ye have divorced women, and they have reached their term, then retain them in kindness or release them in
kindness. Retain them not to their hurt so that ye transgress (the limits). He who doeth that hath wronged his soul. Make
not the revelations of Allah a laughing-stock (by your behaviour), but remember Allah's grace upon you and that which He hath
revealed unto you of the Scripture and of wisdom, whereby He doth exhort you. Observe your duty to Allah and know that Allah
is Aware of all things.
232. And when ye have divorced women and they reach their term, place not difficulties in the way of their marrying
their husbands if it is agreed between them in kindness. This is an admonition for him among you who believeth in Allah and
the Last Day. That is more virtuous for you, and cleaner. Allah knoweth; ye know not.
233. Mothers shall suckle their children for two whole years; (that is) for those who wish to complete the suckling.
The duty of feeding and clothing nursing mothers in a seemly manner is upon the father of the child. No-one should be charged
beyond his capacity. A mother should not be made to suffer because of her child, nor should he to whom the child is born (be
made to suffer) because of his child. And on the (father's) heir is incumbent the like of that (which was incumbent on the
father). If they desire to wean the child by mutual consent and (after) consultation, it is no sin for them; and if ye wish
to give your children out to nurse, it is no sin for you, provide that ye pay what is due from you in kindness. Observe your
duty to Allah, and know that Allah is Seer of what ye do.
234. Such of you as die and leave behind them wives, they (the wives) shall wait, keeping themselves apart, four months
and ten days. And when they reach the term (prescribed for them) then there is no sin for you in aught that they may do with
themselves in decency. Allah is informed of what ye do.
235. There is no sin for you in that which ye proclaim or hide in your minds concerning your troth with women. Allah
knoweth that ye will remember them. But plight not your troth with women except by uttering a recognised form of words. And
do not consummate the marriage until (the term) prescribed is run. Know that Allah knoweth what is in your minds, so beware
of Him; and know that Allah is Forgiving, Clement.
236. It is no sin for you if ye divorce women while yet ye have not touched them, nor appointed unto them a portion.
Provide for them, the rich according to his means, and the straitened according to his means, a fair provision. (This is)
a bounden duty for those who do good.
237. If ye divorce them before ye have touched them and ye have appointed unto them a portion, then (pay the) half
of that which ye appointed, unless they (the women) agree to forgo it, or he agreeth to forgo it in whose hand is the marriage
tie. To forgo is nearer to piety. And forget not kindness among yourselves. Allah is Seer of what ye do.
238. Be guardians of your prayers, and of the midmost prayer, (Some believe
this is the ‘Asr’ (afternoon) prayer which Muslims are most liable
to overlook) and stand up with devotion to Allah.
239. And if ye go in fear, then (pray) standing or on horseback. And when ye are again in safety, remember Allah, as
He hath taught you that which (heretofore) ye knew not.
240. (In the case of) those of you who are about to die and leave behind them wives, they should bequeath unto their
wives a provision for the year without turning them out, but if they go out (of their own accord) there is no sin for you
in that which they do of themselves within their rights. Allah is Mighty, Wise.
241. For divorced women a provision in kindness: a duty for those who ward off (evil).
242. Thus Allah expoundeth unto you His revelations so that ye may understand.
243. Bethink thee (O Muhammad) of those of old, who went forth from their habitations in their thousands, fearing death,
and Allah said unto them: Die; and then He brought them back to life. Lo! Allah is a Lord of Kindness to mankind, but most
of mankind give not thanks.
244. Fight in the way of Allah, and know that Allah is Hearer, Knower.
245. Who is it that will lend unto Allah a goodly loan, (A loan without
interest, ie; without thought of gain or loss) so that He may give it increase manifold ? Allah straiteneth and
enlargeth. Unto Him ye will return.
246. Bethink thee of the leaders of the Children of Israel after Moses, how they said unto a prophet whom they had:
Set up for us a king and we will fight in Allah's way. He said: Would ye then refrain from fighting if fighting were prescribed
for you ? They said: Why should we not fight in Allah's way when we have been driven from our dwellings with our children
? Yet, when fighting was prescribed for them, they turned away, all save a few of them. Allah is aware of evil-doers.
247. Their Prophet said unto them: Lo! Allah hath raised up Saul to be a king for you. They said: How can he have kingdom
over us when we are more deserving of the kingdom than he is, since he hath not been given wealth enough ? He said: Lo! Allah
hath chosen him above you, and hath increased him abundantly in wisdom and stature. Allah bestoweth His Sovereignty on whom
He will. Allah is All-Embracing, All-Knowing.
248. And their Prophet said unto them: Lo! the token of his kingdom is that there shall come unto you the ark wherein
is peace of reassurance from your Lord, and a remnant of that which the house of Moses and the house of Aaron left behind,
the angels bearing it. Lo! herein shall be a token for you if (in truth) ye are believers.
249. And when Saul set out with the army, he said: Lo! Allah will try you by (the ordeal of) a river. Whosoever therefore
drinketh thereof he is not of me, and whosoever tasteth it not he is of me, save him who taketh (thereof) in the hollow of
his hand. But they drank thereof, all save a few of them. And after he had crossed (the river), he and those who believed
with him, they said: We have no power this day against Goliath and his hosts. But those who knew that they would meet Allah
exclaimed: How many a little company hath overcome a mighty host by Allah's leave! Allah is with the steadfast.
250. And when they went into the field against Goliath and his hosts they said: Our Lord! Bestow on us endurance, make
our foothold sure, and give us help against the disbelieving folk.
251. So they routed them by Allah's leave and David slew Goliath; and Allah gave him the kingdom and wisdom, and taught
him of that which He willeth. And if Allah had not repelled some men by others the earth would have been corrupted. But Allah
is a Lord of Kindness to (His) creatures.
252. These are the portents of Allah which We recite unto thee (Muhammad) with truth, and lo! thou art of the number
of (Our) messengers;
253. Of those messengers, some of whom We have caused to excel others, and of whom there are some unto whom Allah spake,
while some of them He exalted (above others) in degree; and We gave Jesus, son of Mary, clear proofs (of Allah's Sovereignty)
and We supported him with the holy Spirit. And if Allah had so willed it, those who followed after them would not have fought
one with another after the clear proofs had come unto them. But they differed, some of them believing and some disbelieving.
And if Allah had so willed it, they would not have fought one with another; but Allah doeth what He will.
254. O ye who believe! spend of that wherewith We have provided you ere a day come when there will be no trafficking,
nor friendship, nor intercession. The disbelievers, they are the wrong-doers.
255. Allah! There is no God save Him, the Alive, the Eternal. Neither slumber nor sleep overtaketh Him. Unto Him belongeth
whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth. Who is he that intercedeth with Him save by His leave ? He knoweth
that which is in front of them and that which is behind them, while they encompass nothing of His knowledge save what He will.
His throne includeth the heavens and the earth, and He is never weary of preserving them. He is the Sublime, the Tremendous.
(This verse is called Ayat’ ul Kursi - ‘Verse of the Throne’
and traditions confirm it should be recited when seeking protection from the devil)
256. There is no compulsion in religion. The right direction is henceforth distinct from error. And he who rejecteth
false deities and believeth in Allah hath grasped a firm handhold which will never break. Allah is Hearer, Knower.
257. Allah is the Protecting Guardian of those who believe. He bringeth them out of darkness into light. As for those
who disbelieve, their patrons are false deities. They bring them out of light into darkness. Such are rightful owners of the
Fire. They will abide therein.
258. Bethink thee of him who had an argument with Abraham about his Lord, because Allah had given him the kingdom;
how, when Abraham said: My Lord is He Who giveth life and causeth death, he answered: I give life and cause death. Abraham
said: Lo! Allah causeth the sun to rise in the East, so do thou cause it to come up from the West. Thus was the disbeliever
abashed. And Allah guideth not wrongdoing folk.
259. Or (bethink thee of) the like of him who, passing by a township which had fallen into utter ruin, exclaimed: How
shall Allah give this township life after its death ? (Numerous commentaries confirm
this refers to Jerusalem in ruins and the following verse tells of the vision of Ezekiel)And
Allah made him die a hundred years, then brought him back to life. He said: How long hast thou tarried ? (The man) said: I
have tarried a day or part of a day. (He) said: Nay, but thou hast tarried for a hundred years. Just look at thy food and
drink which have not rotted! Look at thine ass! And, that We may make thee a token unto mankind, look at the bones, how We
adjust them and then cover them with flesh! And when (the matter) became clear unto him, he said: I know now that Allah is
Able to do all things.
260. And when Abraham said (unto his Lord): My Lord! Show me how Thou givest life to the dead, He said: Dost thou not
believe ? Abraham said: Yea, but (I ask) in order that my heart may be at ease. (His Lord) said: Take four of the birds and
cause them to incline unto thee, then place a part of them on each hill, then call them, they will come to thee in haste,
and know that Allah is Mighty, Wise.
261. The likeness of those who spend their wealth in Allah's way is as the likeness of a grain which groweth seven
ears, in every ear a hundred grains. Allah giveth increase manifold to whom He will. Allah is All-Embracing, All-Knowing.
262. Those who spend their wealth for the cause of Allah and afterward make not reproach and injury to follow that
which they have spent; their reward is with their Lord, and there shall no fear come upon them, neither shall they grieve.
263. A kind word with forgiveness is better than almsgiving followed by injury. Allah is Absolute, Clement.
264. O ye who believe! Render not vain your almsgiving by reproach and injury, like him who spendeth his wealth only
to be seen of men and believeth not in Allah and the Last Day. His likeness is as the likeness of a rock whereon is dust of
earth; a rainstorm smiteth it, leaving it smooth and bare. They have no control of aught of that which they have gained. Allah
guideth not the disbelieving folk.
265. And the likeness of those who spend their wealth in search of Allah's pleasure, and for the strengthening of their
souls, is as the likeness of a garden on a height. The rainstorm smiteth it and it bringeth forth its fruit twofold. And if
the rainstorm smite it not, then the shower. Allah is Seer of what ye do.
266. Would any of you like to have a garden of palm-trees and vines, with rivers flowing underneath it, with all kinds
of fruit for him therein; and old age hath stricken him and he hath feeble offspring; and a fiery whirlwind striketh it and
it is (all) consumed by fire. Thus Allah maketh plain His revelations unto you, in order that ye may give thought.
267. O ye who believe! Spend of the good things which ye have earned, and of that which We bring forth from the earth
for you, and seek not the bad (with intent) to spend thereof (in charity) when ye would not take it for yourselves save with
disdain; and know that Allah is Absolute, Owner of Praise.
268. The devil promiseth you destitution and enjoineth on you lewdness. But Allah promiseth you forgiveness from Himself
with bounty. Allah is All-Embracing, All-knowing.
269. He giveth wisdom unto whom He will, and he unto whom wisdom is given, he truly hath received abundant good. But
none remember except men of understanding.
270. Whatever alms ye spend or vow ye vow, lo! Allah knoweth it. Wrong-doers have no helpers.
271. If ye publish your almsgiving, it is well, but if ye hide it and give it to the poor, it will be better for you,
and will atone for some of your ill-deeds. Allah is Informed of what ye do.
272. The guiding of them is not thy duty (O Muhammad), but Allah guideth whom He will. And whatsoever good thing ye
spend, it is for yourselves, when ye spend not save in search of Allah's Countenance; and whatsoever good thing ye spend,
it will be repaid to you in full, and ye will not be wronged.
273. (Alms are) for the poor who are straitened for the cause of Allah, who cannot travel in the land (for trade).
The unthinking man accounteth them wealthy because of their restraint. Thou shalt know them by their mark: They do not beg
of men with importunity. And whatsoever good thing ye spend, lo! Allah knoweth it.
274. Those who spend their wealth by night and day, by stealth and openly, verily their reward is with their Lord,
and their shall no fear come upon them neither shall they grieve.
275. Those who swallow usury cannot rise up save as he ariseth whom the devil hath prostrated by (his) touch. That
is because they say: Trade is just like usury; whereas Allah permitteth trading and forbiddeth usury. He unto whom an admonition
from his Lord cometh, and (he) refraineth (in obedience thereto), he shall keep (the profits of) that which is past, and his
affair (henceforth) is with Allah. As for him who returneth (to usury) - Such are rightful owners of the Fire. They will abide
276. Allah hath blighted usury and made almsgiving fruitful. Allah loveth not the impious and guilty.
277. Lo! those who believe and do good works and establish worship and pay the poor-due, their reward is with their
Lord and there shall no fear come upon them neither shall they grieve.
278. O ye who believe! Observe your duty to Allah, and give up what remaineth (due to you) from usury, if ye are (in
279. And if ye do not, then be warned of war (against you) from Allah and His messenger. And if ye repent, then ye
have your principal (without interest). Wrong not, and ye shall not be wronged.
280. And if the debtor is in straitened circumstances, then (let there be) postponement to (the time of) ease; and
that ye remit the debt as almsgiving would be better for you if ye did but know.
281. And guard yourselves against a day in which ye will be brought back to Allah. Then every soul will be paid in
full that which it hath earned, and they will not be wronged.
282. O ye who believe! When ye contract a debt for a fixed term, record it in writing. Let a scribe record it in writing
between you in (terms of) equity. No scribe should refuse to write as Allah hath taught him, so let him write, and let him
who incurreth the debt dictate, and let him observe his duty to Allah his Lord, and diminish naught thereof. But if he who
oweth the debt is of low understanding, or weak, or unable himself to dictate, then let the guardian of his interests dictate
in (terms of) equity. And call to witness, from among your men, two witnesses. And if two men be not (at hand) then a man
and two women, of such as ye approve as witnesses, so that if the one erreth (through forgetfulness) the other will remember.
And the witnesses must not refuse when they are summoned. Be not averse to writing down (the contract) whether it be small
or great, with (record of) the term thereof. That is more equitable in the sight of Allah and more sure for testimony, and
the best way of avoiding doubt between you; save only in the case when it is actual merchandise which ye transfer among yourselves
from hand to hand. In that case it is no sin for you if ye write it not. And have witnesses when ye sell one to another, and
let no harm be done to scribe or witness. If ye do (harm to them) lo! it is a sin in you. Observe your duty to Allah. Allah
is teaching you. And Allah is Knower of all things.
283. If ye be on a journey and cannot find a scribe, then a pledge in hand (shall suffice). And if one of you entrusteth
to another let him who is trusted deliver up that which is entrusted to him (according to the pact between them) and let him
observe his duty to Allah his Lord. Hide not testimony. He who hideth it, verily his heart is sinful. Allah is Aware of what
284. Unto Allah (belongeth) whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth; and whether ye make known
what is in your minds or hide it, Allah will bring you to account for it. He will forgive whom He will and He will punish
whom He will. Allah is Able to do all things.
285. The messenger believeth in that which hath been revealed unto him from his Lord and (so do) believers. Each one
believeth in Allah and His angels and His scriptures and His messengers - We make no distinction between any of His messengers
- and they say: We hear, and we obey. (Grant us) Thy forgiveness, our Lord. Unto Thee is the journeying.
286. Allah tasketh not a soul beyond its scope. For it (is only) that which it hath earned, and against it (only) that
which it hath deserved. Our Lord! Condemn us not if we forget, or miss the mark! Our Lord! Lay not on us such a burden as
thou didst lay on those before us! Our Lord! Impose not on us that which we have not the strength to bear! Pardon us, absolve
us and have mercy on us, Thou, our Protector, and give us victory over the disbelieving folk.